There are three main sections to writing a good essay.
The introduction the body and the conclusion in this lesson we will look at the skills needed to write an introduction for a short essay. For this lesson we reuse this topic older people should be looked after by their children not the government.
The main purpose of the introduction is to tell the reader what the essay will be about. To do that you need to identify the key words. In the title in this case the key words are older people who looked after their children and not the government. Of course we cannot simply copy these words. So we move on to step 2 finding other ways to say the same information here are some alternatives for each set of key words we can now put a sentence together using our new keywords.
Some people feel that responsibility for the care of elderly people rests with the family not with any government department. So we have looked at the first two steps we have told the reader. What the essay is about and we have avoided copying words from the title having done that.
The next step is to tell the reader which direction the essay will take that is how will the essay be presented. For example we could add the following although there are arguments to be made in support of this. There is perhaps a stronger point of view that feels that older people should not have to rely on the goodwill of their family as will now be discussed from this. We can tell that the writer plans to argue most strongly that care of the elderly should be left to the government.
A final point to note about writing an introduction is that in most formal essays especially for important English exams like IELTS you should try to avoid using a pronoun.